August 20 – 30, 2016

Always mystify, mislead and surprise the enemy; and when you strike and overcome him, never let up in the pursuit.

– Stonewall Jackson

Our Civil War Tour: This Hallowed Ground promises to be one of our most memorable tours. This Civil War tour gives you a panorama of the major battles that began and ended the Civil War, starting with First Manassas, culminating with Gettysburg and breathing the air of finality at Appomattox.

The Civil War was the defining event in American history. It was an ordeal by fire that cost the lives of more than 600,000 American soldiers and left 300,000 wounded—casualties higher than all our other wars combined.

We study the military campaigns and strategy and delve into the causes as well as the people who were willing to sacrifice their lives and property for their country, whether north or south. Who were those soldiers whose hearts were, in the words of Oliver Wendell Holmes, “touched by fire?” How were they trained? Until the turning point at Gettysburg, why did the Confederate generals in the East think harder, fight harder, and campaign better than the Union generals? And, finally, why did the North win?

Our professional historian will lead the group and conduct informal discussions throughout the tour.

We can learn from, and be inspired by, the skill, the courage, and the endurance displayed by the generation that brought us through the Civil War. In addition to retracing battles we include education sessions to enhance our understanding of the war and people.

  • Manassas, Gettysburg, Appomattox – This tour gives us a panorama of the major battles that began and ended the Civil War, starting with First Manassas, culminating with Gettysburg and breathing the air of finality at Appomattox.
  • Shenandoah Valley, Harpers Ferry – We conduct a study of Stonewall Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley campaign where he won a series of lopsided victories while being vastly outnumbered. Harpers Ferry, John Brown’s raid the prelude to war are included.
  • Antietam – Antietam was the site of the bloodiest day of war in American history when, on 17 September 1862, there were 23,000 casualties.
  • Gettysburg – At Gettysburg we study the three days that marked General Lee’s final attempt to carry the war to the north.
  • Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Spotsylvania, Wilderness – We tour the area of four major battles: Confederate victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville leading up to Gettysburg; then Spotsylvania and the Wilderness Campaign fighting to keep the Grant’s Union armies at bay.

Days 1 & 2: Travel from Missouri to Manassas, VA

Our first two days will mostly be traveling with stops for breaks, meals, and an overnight.

DAY 3: Manassas: Confederate Victories, Union Disarray

Our program begins with a visit to the battlefield at Manassas. Both the North and South thought that a war would be short. Union leaders believed their greater resources and manpower would prevail while the Confederates doubted northern resolve. The first battle of Manassas (Bull Run) July 21, 1861 saw the proud but green Union Army facing the better led Confederates who won a decisive victory. The Union Army retreated unpursued to Washington. Innocence and illusion were over for both sides. By the time of Second Manassas at the end of August 1862, both armies had gained combat experience, but the result was an even more significant Confederate victory.

DAY 4: The Shenandoah Valley Campaigns: Stonewall Jackson, 
Harpers Ferry, Antietam

A third of the War’s battles occurred in Virginia. The beautiful Shenandoah Valley was the bread basket for Lee’s Army. It was also a region constantly beset by combat. The Valley campaigns are forever linked with the tactical brilliance of Confederate General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson, who in 1862 defeated three Union armies in a single month. The campaign demonstrates how a numerically inferior force can defeat larger forces by fast movement, surprise attack, and intelligent use of the terrain. Nestled in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains at the confluence of the Shenandoah and Potomac rivers, Harpers Ferry is one of the loveliest places in the eastern U.S. This was the scene of John Brown’s raid in October 1859-a failed, misguided act that hastened the outbreak of war. Brown was hanged for treason on December 2, but the raid hardened radical sentiment for he was seen a martyr in the North and a radical insurrectionist in the South. The Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg), September 17, 1862, was the bloodiest single day battle in American history with 23,100 men killed or wounded. Although neither side gained a decisive victory, Lee’s withdrawal and failure to carry the war effort effectively into the North caused Great Britain to postpone recognition of the Confederacy. It also gave President Lincoln the opportunity to compose and later issue the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, declaring all slaves free in the states still in rebellion.

DAY 5: Gettysburg: Days One and Two

The Battle of Gettysburg, lasting three days, July 1, 2, and 3, 1863, was the bloodiest battle and the turning point of the Civil War. More than 50,000 Americans of both sides were casualties. Gettysburg was General Lee’s final attempt to carry the war north. Although nearly two years of fierce fighting still lay ahead, after Gettysburg the prospects of a Union victory changed from if to when. We will stand at Little Round Top, where the 20th Maine Regiment, led by Colonel Joshua Chamberlain, repulsed several Confederate assaults and preserved the Union position at Cemetery Ridge. This action was described by author Michael Shaara in his epic narrative The Killer Angels.

DAY 6: Gettysburg: Pickett’s Charge, Lincoln’s Address, 
The Civilian Experience

Today we walk the field of Pickett’s Charge, perhaps the most famous attack in American history. As noted by historian James McPherson, “Pickett’s Charge represented the Confederate war effort in microcosm: unsurpassed valor, apparent initial success, and ultimate disaster.” Of the 14,000 Confederates who attacked, only about half returned. Some four months after the battle, President Lincoln came to Gettysburg to deliver one of the greatest speeches in American history. We will visit Schriver House, a museum dedicated to the civilian experience during the struggle. Dinner will be at the Dobbin House, the oldest building in Gettysburg (1797) and a stopping point for escaped slaves on the Underground Railroad.

DAY 7: Fredericksburg–Richmond: The Heroism of Clara Barton–Chancellorsville

This morning we will return south to Virginia and visit Fredericksburg – a region of four major battles: Fredericksburg, December 1862; 
Chancellorsville, May 1863; 
The Wilderness, May 1864; 
Spotsylvania Court House, May 1864. Richmond, the soul and Capital of the Confederacy, was the northern army’s main target. The direct route from Washington to Richmond passes through Fredericksburg. Clara Barton, later to found the American Red Cross, won fame and gratitude for her heroic nursing of the wounded of both sides. We visit Chatham Plantation, where the “holy angel” from Massachusetts worked at her makeshift “hospital.” Barton had already helped the wounded at Antietam and Second Manassas. Later, she would serve at the Wilderness and Spotsylvania and become supervisor of nurses for the Union Army of the James. Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville were decisive Confederate victories. Wilderness and Spotsylvania were tremendous but tactically inconclusive battles in Grant’s 1864 Overland campaign. After visiting Fredericksburg, we’ll continue to Chancellorsville, where we analyze the battle, see where Stonewall Jackson received his mortal wounds and discuss the aftermath.

DAY 8: Petersburg: The Confederacy and the Antebellum South

Who were these Americans, for whom their state was more important than the United States, and who were willing to sacrifice their lives and property for the “Southern Way of Life?” And what was the southern way of life? The Museum of the Confederacy houses exhibits that depict a chronological history of the Confederacy and the Civil War, along with an exploration of the life of Robert E. Lee. Next we journey south to Petersburg to visit the National Museum of the Civil War Soldier at Pamplin Historical Park. The Museum tells the story of the nearly 3,000,000 Americans — northerners and southerners, 
whites and blacks, immigrants and native born — who fought in the Civil War. Tudor Hall Plantation features a working kitchen and slave quarters that present a multi-media exhibit on antebellum slavery and plantation life.

DAY 9: Appomattox

The final campaign began at Petersburg. the longest siege in American history, June 1864—April 1865. The siege was a precursor of the trench warfare of the First World War fifty years later. Only the considerable skill, courage and endurance of Lee’s army kept the Union forces out away from Richmond. But on April 2 the northern army broke through and cut off the Confederate supply lines from the South, forcing Lee to retreat to the west. Grant pursued relentlessly, and virtually surrounded Lee’s army and forced the surrender on April 9 at Appomattox Court House. The United States was reborn.

DAY 10: Historic Lexington, Washington & Lee University, Virginia Military Institute – VMI

Today we meet our local guide for a tour of this quaint little town, Lexington, VA. We visit the campuses of VMI and Washington & Lee Universities. We’ll see the somber but beautiful Lee Chapel, the final resting place of Robert E. Lee. After a special lunch we head towards home with a greater appreciation and respect for the heroic men who fought in the Civil War.

DAY 11: Louisville, KY to Missouri

Today is mostly a travel day once again with stops for breaks, meals, and ??? We’ll arrive back home early evening.


Although we do walk numerous battlefields, there is nothing that is overly exerting.